1. Water Quality
  2. Guidelines
  3. Effluent management

Effluent management guidelines (historical guidelines)

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​These historical guidelines were developed under the National Water Quality Management Strategy (NWQMS) and are available for information purposes only. Information presented in these guidelines may be outdated and may not represent currently recommended management practices. You are advised to contact your relevant jurisdictional agency for advice. There are currently no plans in place to update historical guidelines.

Australian communities generate large volumes of wastewater, with domestic water use alone producing about 70,000 litres per person per year. Wastewater also comes from industry and commerce.

Treated wastewater, known as effluent, is normally discharged into the environment, requiring proper management to protect public health and the environment.

Guidelines for effluent management in Australia can be used to:

  • create sustainable resource development extension programs
  • negotiate between regulatory authorities, local government and industry on conditions for effluent management, monitoring and reporting at the regional level.

These guidelines are part of the National Water Quality Management Strategy.

Six separate guidelines documents cover specific aspects of effluent management.

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Aqueous wool scouring and carbonising

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1999

Guidelines for a nationally consistent approach to managing effluent produced through aqueous wool scouring and carbonising.

Intended for use by industry (including consultants), regulators, planning authorities and the broader community.

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Document​Pages​​File size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Aqueous Wool Scouring and Carbonising in Australia463.49 MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

Dairy processing plants

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1999

Guidelines for a nationally consistent approach to effluent management at dairy processing plants in Australia. Intended for use by the dairy processing industry (including consultants), regulators, planning authorities and the broader community.

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DocumentPagesFile size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Dairy Processing in Australia404.96 MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

Dairy sheds

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1999

Guidelines for a nationally consistent approach to effluent management in dairy sheds throughout Australia. Intended for use by dairy farmers (including consultants, extension officers and farmer organisations), regulators, planning agencies and the broader community.

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DocumentPagesFile size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Dairy Sheds in Australia402.80 MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

Intensive piggeries

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1999

Guidelines for a nationally consistent approach to effluent management in intensive piggeries across Australia. Intended for use by the intensive piggery industry (including consultants), regulators, planning agencies and the broader community.

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DocumentPagesFile size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Intensive Piggeries in Australia443.31 MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

Tanning and related industries in Australia

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1999

National guidelines for tanning and related industries in Australia. Guidance for a nationally consistent approach to effluent management for the tanning industry throughout Australia. These guidelines are intended for use by the tanning industry (including consultants), regulators, planning agencies and the broader community.

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DocumentPagesFile size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Tanning and Related Industries in Australia443.35 MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

Wineries and distilleries

Publication details

Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand & Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 1998

Guidelines for Australian wineries and distilleries, to establish important principles for environmental management and provide guidance on acceptable waste management practices that can be applied consistently across Australia. Intended for use by the winery and distillery industry (including consultants), regulators, planning authorities and the broader community.

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DocumentPagesFile size
Effluent Management Guidelines for Australian Wineries and Distilleries​​543.07 ​MB

This publication is not owned by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, and may not meet accessibility requirements. If you need an accessible version, please contact the author. For more information, visit web accessibility.

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